Sabtu, Maret 23, 2013

Etika TSI, Pengguna, Pengelola dan Pembuat

• Etika
Etika (Etimologi), berasal dari bahasa Yunani adalah “Ethos”, yang berarti watak kesusilaan atau adat kebiasaan (custom). Etika biasanya berkaitan erat dengan perkataan moral yang merupakan istilah dari bahasa Latin, yaitu “Mos” dan dalam bentuk jamaknya “Mores”, yang berarti juga adat kebiasaan atau cara hidup seseorang dengan melakukan perbuatan yang baik (kesusilaan), dan menghindari hal-hal tindakan yang buruk.

Macam-macam etika :
1. Etika Deskriptif
Etika deskriptif berbicara mengenai fakta secara apa adanya, yakni mengenai nilai dan perilaku manusia sebagai suatu fakta yang terkait dengan situasi dan realitas yang membudaya. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa tentang kenyataan dalam penghayatan nilai atau tanpa nilai dalam suatu masyarakat yang dikaitkan dengan kondisi tertentu memungkinkan manusia dapat bertindak secara etis.

2. Etika Normatif
Etika normatif merupakan norma-norma yang dapat menuntun agar manusia bertindak secara baik dan menghindarkan hal-hal yang buruk, sesuai dengan kaidah atau norma yang disepakati dan berlaku di masyarakat.
• Profesionalisme
Berasal dari kata profesional yang mempunyai makna berhubungan dengan profesi dan memerlukan kepandaian khusus untuk menjalankannya Profesionalisme merupakan pelaksanaan tugas dan kewajiban untuk memenuhi kebutuhan yang rumit dari klien, yang mencakup pengambilan keputusan dengan kemungkinan akibat yang luas bagi masyarakat.
Secara umum ciri-ciri profesionalisme pada bidang informasi teknologi ( IT ) adalah :
1. Memiliki kemampuan dan ketrampilan dalam bidang pekerjaan IT.
2. Memiliki wawasan yang luas.
3. Memiiliki kemampuan dalam analisa dan tanggap terhadap masalah yang terjadi.
4. Mampu berkerjasama dan dapat menjalin hubungan baik dengan rekan-rekan kerja.
5. Dapat menjaga kerahasian dari sebuah data dan informasi.
6. Dapat menjunjung tinggi kode etik dan displin etika.

Teknologi Sistem Informasi (TSI) merupakan teknologi yang tidak terbatas pada penggunaan sarana komputer, tetapi meliputi pemrosesan data, aspek keuangan, pelayanan jasa sejak perencanaan, standar dan prosedur, serta organisasi dan pengendalian sistem catatan (informasi).

Jadi, dapat disimpulkan etika dan profesionalisme tsi merupakan adat kebiasaan atau cara hidup seseorang dengan melakukan perbuatan yang baik (kesusilaan) dan perbuatan buruk manusia sejauh yang dapat dipahami manusia yang dapat digunakan untuk pengambilan keputusan dengan kemungkinan akibat yang luas bagi masyarakat.

Di dalam bidang teknologi informasi, tentunya etika menjadi sangat penting khususnya di era informasi seperti sekarang ini. Para pelaku dunia IT harus mengetahui etika dalam penggunaan Teknologi Sistem Informasi.

>> Etika Teknologi Informasi dalam hal Pengguna yang perlu diperhatikan oleh setiap pengguna, maka pengguna harus bisa menyadari hal tersebut secara akal sehat. Selain itu, dapat juga membuat slogan atau poster mengenai "pentingnya etika dalam dunia TI". Mungkin, itu akan cukup mendorong jiwa si pengguna. Dan si pengguna juga harus mempelajari hal itu, mulai dari mengetahui dampak positif dan negatif dari pelanggaran etika tersebut. Dengan cara itu diharapkan etika dalam dunia TI dapat diperhatikan  oleh setiap pengguna agar tidak menjerumuskan dirinya sendiri dalam kemaksiatan.

>> Etika Teknologi Informasi dalam hal Pengelola yang perlu diperhatikan yakni
Sebagai pengelola teknologi system informasi harus melaksanakan tugasnya sebagai pengelola dan tidak menyimpang dari ketentuan yang telah ditetapkan. Menjaga kerahasian apa yang dikelolanya.

>> Etika Teknologi Informasi dalam hal Pembuat yang perlu diperhatikan yakni
Pembuat, dalam hal merancang suatu teknologi informasi harus memperhatikan etika TI. Tidak menjadi mengambil ide/info dari orang lain secara illegal. Menjiplak, atupun menyalin dengan sengaja lalu menjadikannya hal milik pribadi yang jelas-jelas itu melanggar Undang-Undang ITE, dah ini sesuai dengan UU ITE Tahun 2008 BAB II Asas Tujuan Pasal 3

Resource by: UU ITE Tahun 2008


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